Trusses and Timber Framings

By definition, a truss is a structural framework of beams and other elements that creates a rigid structure. Each beam is connected at the ends by joints called nodes.

Trusses are commonly used in bridges and other structures that need strong support. It can be built of any material depending on the structural needs of the project. In bridges, for example, trusses are made of steel or concrete. While trusses in barns and smaller structures are often built out of woods.

Timber framing, on the other hand, is an ancient art of joining pieces of timber to create a framed structure. Instead of using nails, timbers are carefully fitted together and secured by large wooden pegs. This building technique is commonly seen in Germanic and Dutch architecture.

In home construction, trusses are mostly used to support the roofing structure. It’s designed to bridge the space above a room and strengthen the roof so it won’t cave in overtime.

Benefits of Using Timber Framing For Trusses

Many construction professionals recommend using timber framing for building trusses. It has even become an industry standard, particularly for residential buildings.

We can’t really blame them. Despite the controversy on the integrity of wooden structures, there are a lot of advantages to using timber for trusses. Aside from being corrosion-resistant, timber-framed trusses are:

More Economical

Timbers hold heat longer than metal which reduces power consumption during winter.

Timber trusses are also cheaper to install. They don’t require welding and heavy construction materials. You also save on labor costs as wooden roof structures are completed faster than steel ones.


Because of its thermal properties, timber consumes less energy which reduces air and water pollution. Woods also collect carbon dioxide from the air while giving off oxygen. Plus, unlike metal, timbers are renewable resources ensuring sustainable building practices.


Timber framed trusses are compatible with most building materials. You can use it with stones and concrete or steel beams.

Aesthetically Flexible

Using wooden trusses gives you more room for creative freedom. You can experiment with the layout, shape, and thickness of the wood. It also suits both small and wide spaces.

Apart from providing support, timber-framed trusses can also double as decorative pieces. Most modern residential buildings use it to create a rustic ambiance to the structures.

Highly Tolerant to Flame

It may come as a surprise but timbers burn slower than metals. Tests showed that metal structures collapse after 40 to 50 minutes of burning. But properly installed wooden structures are more durable and secure during fires.

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